White-light sources based on LEDs
As the trend of higher efficiencies in LEDs continues, the number of possible applications increases as well. A highly interesting application with a very large potential market size is general daylight illumination in homes and offices. The field of solid-state lighting (SSL) is concerned with the development of solid-state sources for illumination applications. LEDs are inherently monochromatic emitters. However, there are several ways to generate white light using LEDs. Approaches to white-light generation based on LEDs will be covered in the current chapter, whereas approaches based on LEDs and wavelength-converting materials will be discussed in the following chapter. A pivotal discussion of the promise of solid-state lighting was given by Bergh et al. (2001). A comprehensive introduction to lighting technology using solid - state sources was given by Zukauskas et al. (2002a).
In the field of general daylight illumination, devices should have the following properties (i) high efficiency, (ii) high power capability, (iii) good color-rendering capabilities (iv) high reliability, (v) low-cost manufacturability, and (vi) environmental benignity. Such properties would allow LEDs to compete with conventional illumination sources, in particular incandescent and fluorescent lamps.